You see, the conventions of English essays are more formulaic than you might think — and, in many ways, it can be as simple as counting to five. Though more advanced academic papers are a category all their own, the basic high school or college essay has the following standardized, five paragraph structure:. Body 1 Paragraph 3: Body 2 Paragraph 4: Body 3 Paragraph 5: Though it may seem formulaic — and, well, it is - the idea behind this structure is to make it easier for the reader to navigate the ideas put forth in an essay.
You see, if your essay has the same structure as every other one, any reader should be able to quickly and easily find the information most relevant to them. The principle purpose of the introduction is to present your position this is also known as the "thesis" or "argument" on the issue at hand but effective introductory paragraphs are so much more than that.
Examples of effective hooks include relevant quotations "no man is an island" or surprising statistics "three out of four doctors report that…". Following the thesis, you should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay. Not only does this tell the reader what to expect in the paragraphs to come but it also gives them a clearer understanding of what the essay is about. Finally, designing the last sentence in this way has the added benefit of seamlessly moving the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.
In this way we can see that the basic introduction does not need to be much more than three or four sentences in length. If yours is much longer you might want to consider editing it down a bit! Here, by way of example, is an introductory paragraph to an essay in response to the following question:.
Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of what you will talk about but also shows them how you will talk about it.
At the same time, unless it is a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns like I, My, or Me. Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked. The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis.
For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph.
A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however. No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant. Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them.
To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life in general or event in particular you believe most clearly illustrates your point. Compare your argument or your main idea to something your reader can relate to. Strive to make a connection. Express what changes would occur if your ideas were supported. If you are writing a literary paper, choose a powerful quote from your text that supports your thesis. If your paper is not literary, choose a powerful quote from any source that you can relate to your topic.
Start your conclusion by reiterating your interest. Your interest in the position that is available is essentially your thesis statement. Your cover letter is a tool for selling yourself, and your conclusion should leave your prospective employer with a sense that you are determined and professional. I am eager to talk with you about contributions I can make to your company.
I would appreciate the opportunity to meet with you and discuss how I can be a vital member of your team. Keep the body of your conclusion short and sweet. Be direct with the little space you have and ask for an interview. I will call you in a few days to discuss an interview. If you have any questions regarding my application, please contact me at any time. End your conclusion with salutations and contact information. Take the time to express how thankful you are for your prospective employer taking the time to read your cover letter.
I look forward to hearing from you. Thank you for your time and consideration. Your consideration is greatly appreciated. It depends on whether you're writing about that person in general or a specific period in their life.
If you're writing about their life, you could give a very brief overview from their humble beginnings to their biggest accomplishments. If you're writing about a specific period or event, focus on why that event was important. Remember, a conclusion is just meant to be a short but strong summation.
Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I write a four to six sentence conclusion on a five paragraph essay? Repeat your three main points and say something to leave the reader thinking. Not Helpful 18 Helpful Avoid repeating things you already stated in the essay, and instead use the conclusion as a space to make your final argument.
Not Helpful 20 Helpful Sum up your paper. Restate the thesis and the topic. Find a way to bring your hook back into play. Try to answer your hook. The introduction of a persuasive essay or paper must be substantial.
Having finished it, the reader ought to have a very clear idea of the author's purpose in writing. To wit, after reading the introduction, I tend to stop and ask myself where I think the rest of the paper is headed, what the individual paragraphs in its body will address and what the general nature of the conclusion will be. If I'm right, it's because the introduction has laid out in clear and detailed fashion the theme and the general facts which the author will use to support it.
Let me give you an example of what I mean. The following is an introduction of what turned out to be a well-written paper, but the introduction was severely lacking:. The role of women has changed over the centuries, and it has also differed from civilization to civilization. Some societies have treated women much like property, while others have allowed women to have great influence and power.
Not a bad introduction really, but rather scant. I have no idea, for instance, which societies will be discussed or what the theme of the paper will be.
That is, while I can see what the general topic is, I still don't know the way the writer will draw the facts together, or even really what the paper is arguing in favor of. As it turned out, the author of this paper discussed women in ancient Egypt, classical Greece, medieval France and early Islamic civilization and stressed their variable treatment in these societies. This writer also focused on the political, social and economic roles women have played in Western cultures and the various ways they have found to assert themselves and circumvent opposition based on gender.
All the various means women have used to assert themselves show the different ways they have fought against repression and established themselves in authority. Now it is clear which societies will be discussed Egypt, Greece, France, Islam and what the general theme of the paper will be the variable paths to empowerment women have found over time. Now I know where this paper is going and what it's really about.
How to Write a Conclusion. In much the same way that the introduction lays out the thesis for the reader, the conclusion of the paper should reiterate the main points—it should never introduce new ideas or things not discussed in the body of the paper!
Ending the Essay: Conclusions So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker.
Strategies for writing an effective conclusion. One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion: Play the “So What” Game. If you’re stuck and feel like your conclusion isn’t saying anything new or .
The conclusion of the essay. The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument. Use this list of 20 essay conclusion examples that covers a range of topics and essay formats as a stepping stone to inspire and inform your own writing.
What is the most challenging part of essay writing? Some name the process of thesis clarification, others mention essay hooks and writing an outline, but our reader Emily has knocked spots off them all when asked to share tips on writing essay conclusions!. Don’t worry, Emily, you are not alone. Strategies for Writing a Conclusion. Conclusions are often the most difficult part of an essay to write, and many writers feel that they have nothing left .