Harm to minors, violence or threats, harassment or privacy invasion, impersonation or misrepresentation, fraud or phishing, show more. The high drop-out rates and low academic achievement of some young adolescents are indications that middle level educators' teaching practices need to be more culturally responsive. Instruction and assessment strategies that promote educational equity should reflect research on how multiple intelligences, as well as cultural backgrounds, affect young adolescents' learning.
Educators often expect all learners to assimilate middle-class, Anglo American perspectives. This "culturally assaultive" perspective can adversely affect young adolescents' development, academic achievement and overall school progress. Educators can promote educational equity practices by addressing both students' multiple intelligences and cultural influences on learning. Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences , provides a solid foundation upon which to identify, value and develop students' abilities.
Gardner based his multiple intelligences theory on brain research, previous developmental work with young children, experiments with animals, psychological testing, cross-cultural studies and the works of Dewey, Bruner, Piaget and Eisner. Gardner maintained that intelligence is biologically based and can represent itself in multiple ways. He believes every individual has at least seven intelligences to some degree: Still, this translation of theory into practice often challenges educators.
Rather than focusing on the whole class, teachers should begin assessing multiple intelligences by specifically focusing on one to three students. The teacher should develop intelligence profiles for these students that exemplify their strengths and weaknesses, as related to Gardner's seven intelligences.
Draw up an intelligence profile for each student by brainstorming a list of seven to ten observable characteristics. Finally, brainstorm a list of three to five things that capitalize on dominant intelligences and develop weaker ones.
Consider an upcoming lesson or unit. Select an activity for each intelligence that will help you achieve your objective for the lesson or unit. Reflections on Artful Scribbles: Studies in Art Education , 2. Psychological and Educational Perspectives.
Prelude, Theory, and Aftermath. Foss, Scientists Making a Difference: Cambridge University Press, pp. Translating science of learning for teachers. Three Frames for Good Work.
Harvard Education Press, pp Nurturing creativity, wisdom, and trusteeship in education. Creativity, education and society: Writings of Anna Craft. Institute of Education Press, pp. Doing civics in the digital age: Casual, purposeful, and strategic approaches to participatory politics. Disinterestedness in the digital era. Understanding citizenship in a digital era.
University of Chicago Press. Creative artists and creative scientists: Where does the buck stop? They are accordingly adapting classroom instruction so that students can demonstrate their strengths and improve upon their weaknesses. Multiple Intelligences MI theory is based on the belief that human beings posses a complex set of abilities beyond what is measured through traditional Intelligence Quotient IQ.
The theory was developed by Howard Gardner in not as an educational model but as a way to explain the way the mind works.
Supporters of the theory believe that intelligence, as it is traditionally defined, does not take into consideration the wide range of abilities human beings use to solve problems. Though the theory has been criticized for having its basis in intuition rather than empirical evidence, Gardner and his supporters argue otherwise.
According to Chen the theory is grounded in comprehensive review of studies in biology, neuropsychology, developmental psychology, and cultural anthropology.
Key to the application of multiple intelligence theory in the classroom is the intentional use of multiple entry points into instruction and providing students with various ways to show what they have learned. MI is often confused with the notion of learning styles, which became popular in the 's.
However, learning styles refers to personality characteristics or preferences that are evident in the process of learning. Intelligence refers to the ability to solve a problem, perform a skill, or deliver a service Shearer, Multiple intelligences theory differs from learning styles theory in that both the ability to learn and apply new material in various individualized ways is considered in multiple intelligences theory.
The first two are those that are traditionally valued in schools. Linguistic intelligence refers to the ability to use words and language and to use language as a means of thinking and learning. Those with a high level of linguistic intelligence may succeed at careers such as writing, teaching, and law. Logical-mathematical intelligence refers to the ability to discern patterns, think logically, and perform mathematical operations. This intelligence is typically associated with mathematical and scientific thinking.
Three of the intelligences are associated with the arts. Musical intelligence involves the ability to express and feel ideas and feelings musically. It includes the ability to recognize and produce a variety of rhythms, tones, and pitches. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence refers to the ability to use one's body to solve problems and the ability to organize oneself in space, such as in dance.
Such learners typically are most comfortable with a hands-on approach rather than lectures.
Multiple intelligence is a theory developed by Howard Gardner and first published in his book “Frames of Mind.” This theory views human intelligence as a complex web of abilities that are evident in one's products and preferences for learning.
Multiple Intelligences: What Does the Research Say? Proposed by Howard Gardner in , the theory of multiple intelligences has revolutionized how we understand intelligence. Learn more about the research behind his theory.
Cognitive Development: Multiple Intelligences - In this paper, I will give a brief overview of Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI). I will also discuss the merits and critiques of the theory in the . Multiple Intelligences and Gardner research papers discuss Gardner's theory of learning, which is a notion that is comprised of multiple intelligence. Origins of Intelligence in Children research papers evaluate the work by Jean Piaget on Cognitive Development.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Multiple Intelligences: The Research Perspective Edited by Shirley Veenema, Lois Hetland, and Karen Chalfen A Brief Overview of the Theory The theory of multiple intelligences challenges the traditional view of intelligence as a unitary and who toss crumbled paper.