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Chicago Style: Notes and In-Text Citations

Citation Styles for Athenaeum Students

❶The Importance of Citations Citations are a valuable and important aspect of all research. MacDonald, and Michael T.

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They found no evidence that hydroxycitric acid, the active ingredient in weight loss products made from garcinia cambogia, produced significant weight loss. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2004 published a systematic review of meta-analyses and clinical trials on dietary supplements for weight loss by complementary medicine researchers at the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth.

None of the over-the-counter weight loss aids worked, including garcinia cambogia. Late in 2010 the peer-reviewed Journal of Obesity published a meta-analysis of studies testing the garcinia as a weight loss aid. Of the 23 trials they identified, 12 were methodologically sound enough to include in their analysis.

The Importance of Citations

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Citing sources based on the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style is a two-step process. The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material. The first step is to put the citation in the main text .

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In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text. To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in sequential order.

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The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication. In Chicago style, the original source is cited and then followed by "Quoted In" and then immediately followed by the citation for the work in which the citation was found. In Chicago, the citations for both works are considered one citation and go on one line.

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How to cite sources using Chicago or Turabian styles When you only want to cite one part of a larger book. Just as each style guide has rules for creating a citation in a bibliography at the end of a text, each guide also has certain rules for citing the use of sources within the text of the essay. The following are basic guidelines for citing sources in the text of your paper when using the MLA, APA, Chicago, ASA, or Turabian style guides.