The United States and the Western world did not intervene in the Rwanda genocide due to economic disinterest, political apathy, and African prejudice, despite distinct knowledge of the genocide. Rwanda is a small African country of 10, square miles and a pre-genocide population of approximately 8,, An agricultural nation, it was economically dependent on the harvesting of rice, coffee, and maize.
Though the nation was dependent on these agricultural exports to Western powers, including the United States, the West was not dependent on Rwanda for these products traditionally received from Brazil, Columbia, and other larger African nations. The Europeans segregated the native Rwandans into three racial classifications: Hutu, Twa, and Tutsi. Belgium colonists soon issued ethnic identity cards. The issuance of these cards formalized an imposed condition of racial inferiority that did not exist before European presence.
This imposed racial system would later be one of the leading, if not most significant, causes for the racial Rwanda genocide in Belgium soon realized, however, that in giving Tutsis such a preferred status in government affairs they ran a dangerous risk of the Tutsis demanding independence. In , tensions within the country erupted in a violent Hutu revolution, ignored by the West and the Catholic Church, in which hundreds of Moderate Hutu and Tutsis were killed.
Rwanda, though nominally independent, was still highly dependent on Belgian influence, still had strong Belgian political ties, and therefore retained the racial divisions that allowed the Hutu, in return, to subjugate the Tutsi.
This government ended in with a military coup. Belgium tightly controlled the new one party dictatorship and ignored the increasing Tutsi refugee problem. The only seeming option of return was military force, and the Rwandan Patriotic Front was born. Supported by the Ugandan government, hundreds of the trained Tutsi soldiers waited for an opportunity to reinvade Rwanda.
In attempts to cease the fighting, in the Belgian-Rusha Accords were signed that would allow Tutsis back into the country protected by United Nations forces. The genocide itself occurred in a quick, planned fashion. On April 6, at 8: The Hutu presidential plane carrying President Habyarimana returning from Tanzania after signing the Peace Accord had been shot down by a missile. Recent evidence suggests that the crash was caused by a land based missile from a Rwandan military base under the control of the Hutu government.
Over the night of April 9, , French and Belgian paratroopers seized Kigali airport, independent of the United Nations. These troops commanded the airport and efficiently infiltrated the country to remove stranded Western citizens while leaving every single African behind. This proves that the Western world was able and willing to get into Rwanda, only to save its own citizens. They used a general physical similarity to distinguish them, but it did not help to identify all.
This was put into effect around the s. Belgium continued to support the Tutsis until the s. Then, with the end of colonial rule approaching and pressure from the UN, the authorities began to let the Hutu become more involved in the public life.
Hutus began to receive higher positions in the administration and get admitted into secondary schools. Although these changes were minor, they still frightened the Tutsis. The conservative Tutsi planned to have the Belgians gone before majority rule was in effect. On the other hand, radical Hutus wanted to gain power of the political system before the Belgians withdrew.
In , an exclusive party of Hutus and a royalist party of Tutsis both gained strength. As the news of the incident spread, Hutu groups attacked Tutsi officials and the Tutsi responded with more violence.
Several hundred people were killed before the Belgian administration restored order. The Belgians then replaced about half the Tutsi local authorities by Hutu. With the help of many of these local administrators, the Parmehutu easily won the first elections in and In September l, some 80 percent of Rwandans voted to end the monarchy, thus confirming the proclamation of a republic the previous January by the Parmehutu-led government.
After Rwanda won its independence in , the Hutu began to take over and caused about , Tutsi to flee to Uganda and other places. Five years later in , the RPF invaded Rwanda. To end this constant back and forth, France and the United States came about with a peace deal in called the Arusha Accords. Hutu leaders agreed to the deal and it gave the RPF more power.
In the novel Left to Tell by Immaculee Ilibagiza, she explains what announcements on the radio were like after the plane crash. He made the killings sound justified. They immediately began killing Tutsi politicians, leaders, and also innocent civilians.
During the reign of attacks, 10 of the UN troops were captured, tortured, and murdered. Who would help the Tutsis now? During the first days of the genocide in Kigali, individuals who opposed to the president were sought out and murdered.
Instead of seeking out individuals, groups of Tutsis were brought out of their homes into public places such as schools and churches. Here, they would be killed in masses.
Most women were raped and tortured, and even mutilated before they were actually murdered. Towards the end of the month, most large massacres had ended. Also, problems had arisen within the army. Some militants began to abuse their license to kill. They began to kill Hutus that they had personal problems with.
Also, some militants were letting Tutsis escape in return for favors.
The Rwandan genocide was the systematic extermination of over eight hundred thousand Tutsi, an ethnic group in Rwanda, by the Hutu, another ethnic group in Rwanda. In this essay I will briefly describe the history of the conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi, the days of genocide in , and the affects of the massacre on the economy and the people of Rwanda.
The Rwandan Genocide killings started the day after the Hutu president was shot down out of an airplane and was killed on April 6, There was an outbreak between the ethnic groups of Rwanda. Rwanda’s population consisted of seven million people and was composed of three ethnic groups.
The Rwandan genocide resulted in over , deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian responsibilities, successes, and shortcomings of the United Nations. days into the genocide, the RPF advanced and captured the capital city of Kigali and declared to cease fire. When it became obvious that the RPF had won an estimated Hutus fled Rwanda. Back in Rwanda, UN troops were sent to help maintain order and restore basic needs.
History Essay on Rwanda Genocide – Published on by College Writer Genocide by definition is the systematic and intentional destruction of cultural, racial, or political group. The Rwandan Genocide revealed the governments of the world's ignorance and apathy, as well as their continuing selfishness and refusal to take blame. The killings were an attempt by a radical splinter, the Hutu Power, of the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, to eliminate a small minority, the Tutsis.