An essay might discuss the development of treaties before World War I and the rise of the Axis and Allies. When writing this type of essay, research all possible outcomes and ensure that you can logically support your thesis with information on how a particular cause led to a specific effect. For longer essays, it may be possible to include circumstances that contributed to the effect. Argumentative essays ask a student to choose a side on a particular issue and argue the merits of that side of the controversy.
A student might argue her perspective on the death penalty or explain what she believes happened to the settlers at Roanoke. This style of essay allows greater freedom to interpret facts, statistics and primary sources, but the writer must be certain that she defends her interpretation cogently and effectively.
Research papers or essays require a student to select a topic, research it and formulate an opinion. This style asks a student to narrow the focus to a specific part of a topic, which he can adequately cover in the given essay length. Thesis development is critical; it may be helpful for students to make a list of elements to include and draft an outline before writing.
Teachers typically request specific types of references and citation accuracy is vital to avoid plagiarism. Compare and contrast essays describe the similarities and differences between two things. The two primary ways are to block, in which the writer discusses either similarities or differences first and the other second, or to alternate similarities and differences between paragraphs.
Choose several similarities and differences, such as characterization and setting in two books, and organize the essay so that similarities always come first or so that in block essays, the order of the topics is the same between the two sections. The five paragraph essay includes an introduction, three body paragraphs and a conclusion. Introductions are traditionally four to five sentences, with an attention-grabbing opening sentence, and conclude with the thesis.
Often on tests, choosing the correct type of essay to write in response to a writing prompt is key to getting the question right. However, rest assured, the number is actually more manageable. Essentially there are four major types of essays, with the variations making up the remainder.
Does the writer want to tell about a personal experience, describe something, explain an issue, or convince the reader to accept a certain viewpoint? The four major types of essays address these purposes:. Telling a Story In a narrative essay , the writer tells a story about a real-life experience. While telling a story may sound easy to do, the narrative essay challenges students to think and write about themselves. When writing a narrative essay, writers should try to involve the reader by making the story as vivid as possible.
The fact that narrative essays are usually written in the first person helps engage the reader. A well-crafted narrative essay will also build towards drawing a conclusion or making a personal statement. Painting a Picture A cousin of the narrative essay, a descriptive essay paints a picture with words.
A writer might describe a person, place, object, or even memory of special significance. The descriptive essay strives to communicate a deeper meaning through the description.
In a descriptive essay, the writer should show, not tell, through the use of colorful words and sensory details. Just the Facts The expository essay is an informative piece of writing that presents a balanced analysis of a topic.
In an expository essay, the writer explains or defines a topic, using facts, statistics, and examples.
Effectively writing different types of essays has become critical to academic success. Essay writing is a common school assignment, a part of standardized tests, and a requirement on college applications. Often on tests, choosing the correct type of essay to write in response to a writing prompt is key to getting the question right.
4) The argumentative essay. What is it? This is the type of essay where you prove that your opinion, theory or hypothesis about an issue is correct or more truthful than those of others.
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