Rachels example of women rights can be seen as progress, yet it also means that the old ways, before the movement, are now being replace by new and improved ways. Cultural Relativism does view women rights changes as progress; however it forbids us from thinking that this is making our society better.
Thus, cultural relativism views on progress makes this argument contradictory. The five tenets of Cultural Relativism undergo further explication as Rachel notes further criticism.
Values such as truth telling, prohibition of murder and caring for the young are conceived by all societies. The only difference is the factual beliefs, not their values. I agree with Rachel, that there are some values that cultures do share. Rachel assesses and explains that there is a vast difference in what a society believes and what is really true. Practices, like excision, can be very wrong and suggests does it really promote or hinder human well being.
I believe it hinders a human well being, excision is a painful procedure that abolishes sexual pleasure for the individual.
Scarring and tendencies to contract disease s are most probable in the long run. However, Rachels believes that we can see that societies are in need of moral improvement. I agree with Rachels statements, there is room for societies to understand and learn that mistakes can be made even in cultural customs. Rachels strongly disagrees with this tenet in cases of stoning, slavery and excision.
People affected by such barbaric practices do not seem to improve the quality of their lives nor their happiness. A code in particular can be one of the best or one of the worse. This opens up an entirely new discussion that there are customs that are questioned to being right or wrong.
As globalization is bringing nations together, cultural differences and peculiarities become increasingly more salient. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nation in , lists several categories of rights that the peoples of the world have agreed to accept and recognize. These rights include the right to life, liberty and security of person; the right to be free from slavery and servitude; the right not to be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or arbitrary arrest, detention or exile; the right to marriage with the free and full consent of the parties; the right to own property; the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religionm; and the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work United Nations, These rights are universally recognized because they protect the dignity of an individual and the basic social institutions which are present in virtually every culture.
There are many instances when traditional practices conflict with universal human rights. For example, female genital mutilation, practiced by some African and Asian people for cultural and communal reasons, translates into irreversible lifelong health risks for females UNICEF, This phenomenon is practiced in China and India. The Chinese and Indian society do not view this practice as wrong or morally incorrect. Cultural Relativist believe that we as Americans should not judge there practices, because they are only relative to there culture.
In Cultural Relativism there are no independent standards of what is right and wrong. Every standard is relative to its culture. In each culture, these standards have been handed down by their ancestors. Experience is not a factor in deciding morals. Whatever morals are passed down from the ancestors of a culture is considered morally correct.
It is traditional and subjective. For instance, female genital mutilation in Africa is a social custom rather than a religious practice. It is justified by their ancestors and has been passed down through the years. For Americans to dispute this practice is against what Cultural Relativist believe. They believe that we as Americans have our own moral code and the Africans have there own code as well.
- In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific.
"Cultural relativism is the doctrine that what makes an action right is that it is approved by one's cultural. Cultural relativism does not imply that individuals are infallible, but does imply that cultures are morally infallible/5(6).
Cultural Relativism: A Moral Fallacy Cultural Relativism is the theory that all belief's are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on . Cultural relativism ignores the necessity to oppose violations and other human rights, and also ignores the freedom of choice to do so. This paper seeks to prove that there is no conceivable claim in supporting cultural relativism, and will discuss and analyse the issue of conflict between human rights and cultural relativism.
Jan 27, · Explain using the ethics of cultural relativism the advantages and disadvantages of whistle blowing Cultural relativism is the principle regarding the beliefs, values, and practices of a culture from the viewpoint of . Cultural relativism was born from the idea that the world lacks an ultimate standard measure of right or wrong and good or evil. Consequently, whatever people regard as .