Examples include Bhang and Hashish; sedatives or depressants calm down the central nervous system and may induce sleep, in this category are Barbiturates and Tranquilizers; stimulants majorly affect the central nervous system by activating it. They may treat mild depression and to some extent induce insomnia. The known ones are Caffeine and Cocaine; narcotics also produce a depressing effect, and produce feelings of superiority, pleasure and strength.
Examples include Heroin and Morphine. People experiment with drugs for several reasons. Some use it to improve their athletic performance; others to ease problems such as depression or stress while other use drugs simply because their friends are using the drugs. Governments in many countries have established ministries to tackle the issue of substance abuse. For instance, in India, there is the Ministry of Health that deals with the treatment of substance addicts, and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting that uses the government media for the advertisement of the cons of drug abuse.
The government also plays a significant role in financially assisting non-governmental organizations and other voluntary organizations involved in the fight against drug abuse. Several acts of parliament have also been established to curb the menace posed by the misuse of drugs and appropriate punishment given to those involved. In conclusion, although substance abuse has become a major problem in the society, concrete steps should be taken to weaken the hold on drugs.
The effects of substance abuse are disastrous and cannot be ignored. Jack CA Thank you for helping me out with my college essay - I was totally stuck and your guides and manuals assisted me with my writing.
Nursing interventions will be discussed to help the child that suffers from abuse to cope and recover from such as devastating act. The nursing process will be used on each type of child abuse to help recognize and further prevent harm to the child. Child abuse occurs when a perpetrator creates a situation of imminent risk of serious injury, exploitation or sexual abuse of a child under 18 years of age by any acts or omissions to act Breakell Gresko, S.
Nurses should assess physical child abuse signs that could be any of the following that cannot be explained or in odd location bruises, burns, bite marks, scratches, and fractures to the child. Nurses should recognize inconsistent stories from the parents and they become very aggressive when asked if they caused the injury to the child. The child may be frightened to tell the nurse what happen if abuse is alleged with the parents present in the room, so try to get the child one-on-one to help confirm or rule out physical abuse.
Nurses should recognize symptoms of child abuse if the child exhibits fear, low self-esteem, social isolation, acute pain, or delayed growth and development.
The proper authorities should be notified to get the child out of the home and find safe placement for the child. Evaluation of the child physical child abuse, should be continued making sure the child is progressing and improving from the abuse case. Child neglect is recognized as a widespread social problem that can lead to a wide range of emotional, behavioral, and social problems, as well as to impaired health and even death Davidson-Arad, B.
The assessment of child neglect can be classified in a number of ways such as begging for money or food, not dressed for the weather, malnourished, no routine healthcare, or failure to thrive. The proper authorities should be notified to file an act of abuse on the child to get proper placement for the child. The interventions for the child should be considered such as getting up to date vaccinations, help get appropriate clothes, and adequate nourishment for the child.
Evaluation of child neglect should be assessed with the proper authorities to ensure adequate healthcare, food, and clothing is available for the child. Sexual child abuse is one of the most disturbing crimes a person can commit to harmless, innocent child.
In the assessment of sexual abuse, the nurse should notice the child having difficulty walking or sitting, pain in the genital area, or diagnosed with a sexual transmitted disease. The nurse should try using a doll, so that the child can point to where to abuse has happened to them or if they were forced on someone else.
The proper authorities should be notified and child should be safe away for the accused individual. The nurse should address problems the child could present such as depression, decrease appetite, and nightmares. The child should be in an environment where they can feel safe and secure to help them cope from such devastating abuse.
Sexual abuse can be difficult for the child to recover from leaving a permeant thought embedded in their memory. The child should be evaluated throughout their lifespan because it can be psychological roll coaster for the child to cope from sexual abuse. These types of abuse should never happen to any child regardless of the situation, but children are manipulative and easy target for these child abusers.
The child will never fully recover psychological due to these acts of violence or neglect without professional guidance. The act of any child abuse should have prompt action, so we can intervene quickly to bring justice and safety for the children.
References Breakell Gresko, S. Identifying and Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect. Pennsylvania Nurse, 68 3 , Distinguishing neglect from abuse and accident:
Abuse essaysI would like to start out with the basic definition of abuse; it is defined as anything that is harmful, injurious, or offensive to a person animal or for that matter the environment. There are three main types of abuse I'm going to talk about today the first is physical abuse such.
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