The next section of this guide focuses on how to structure an MLA in-text citation and reference in parentheses in various situations. Wondering how to handle these types of references in other styles? Check out our page on APA format , or choose from more styles.
There are many books, journal articles, magazine articles, reports, and other source types written or created by two authors. The last names do not need to be listed in alphabetical order. Instead, follow the same order as shown on the source. Here is an example of an MLA in-text citation for a book with two authors: Here is an example of an MLA parenthetical citation for a book with two authors: There are a number of sources written or created by three or more authors.
Many research studies and reports, scholarly journal articles, and government publications are developed by three or more individuals. If you included the last names of all individuals in your MLA in-text citations or references in parentheses, it would be too distracting to the reader. It may also cause the reader to lose sight of the overall message of the paper or assignment. Instead of including all last names, only include the last name of the first individual shown on the source.
The abbreviation et al. Here is an acceptable MLA in-text citation example for sources with more than three authors: School library programming in Croatia and Hong Kong is somewhat similar to programming in the United States.
To discover more about previous editions, learn more here. Many digital images, films and videos, encyclopedia articles, dictionary entries, web pages, and more do not have author names listed. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment. If you choose to shorten the title, make sure the first word in the full citation is also the first word used in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses.
This is done to allow the reader to easily locate the full citation that corresponds with the reference in the text. If, in the Works Cited list, the full reference has the title within quotation marks, include those quotation marks in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses.
If the title is written in italics in the full reference, include the title with italics in the MLA in-text citation or reference in parentheses as well. Those that were allowed to stay manned the pits, mining the coal that would fuel the ships. Notice the shortened title in the above reference. This allows the reader to spend more time focusing on the content of your project, rather than the sources.
EasyBib Plus can help you determine how to do in-text citations MLA and many other types of references! Numerous government publications, research reports, and brochures state the name of the organization as the author responsible for publishing it.
When the author is a corporate entity or organization, this information is included in the in-text citation or parenthetical citation MLA. If the full name of the organization or governmental agency is long in length, it is acceptable to abbreviate some words, as long as they are considered common abbreviations. These abbreviations should only be in the references with parentheses. They should not be used in an in-text citation MLA.
Here is a list of words that can be abbreviated in parentheses: Example of a shortened corporate author name in parenthetical citation MLA: Here is how the same corporate author name would look in an MLA in-text citation example: Remember, in-text citations MLA should not have abbreviations, other types of references can.
Looking for more information on abbreviations? Check out our page on MLA format. Edited books and anthologies often include chapters or sections, each written by an individual author or a small group of authors. These compilations are placed together by an editor or a group of editors. Do not use the name s of the editor s. Remember, the purpose of these references is to provide the reader with some insight as to where the information originated. If, after reading your project, the reader would like more information on the sources used, the reader can use the information provided in the full reference, at the very end of the assignment.
With that in mind, since the full reference begins with the author of the individual chapter or section, that same information is what should be included in any in-text citations MLA or references in parentheses.
Here is an example on an edited MLA in-text citation book: An Anthology , edited by Pramod K. Nayar, Wiley-Blackwell, , p. Looking for information on referencing an edited book in 7th edition? Looking for another helpful MLA in-text citation website? Click for additional information. When a source has no page numbers, which is often the case with long web page articles, e-books, and numerous other source types, do not include any page number information in the body of the project.
Do not estimate or invent your own page numbering system for the source. For a source with three or fewer authors, list the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:. For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. Provide the first author's last name followed by et al. If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.
Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers:.
To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources.
Toggle action bar FAQ Actions. Print Tweet Share on Facebook Was this helpful? General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1. Print, Web, DVD and 2. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List.
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change.
Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R.
Changes to MLA Citation for Websites in Eighth Edition. Previously, students and researchers creating an MLA website citation were not required to include the URL. When creating an MLA 8 citation for a website, however, it is recommended that you include the URL unless your teacher instructs you otherwise.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible.
Aug 29, · Three Parts: Citing an Entire Website Citing a Page From a Website Creating an In-Text Citation Community Q&A The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style is used for journals and research papers in the humanities%(41). So this leads us to two options: you either have to cite a website mentioning the author or you need to cite a website that has no author. Here's how you can do that.
Need an in-text or parenthetical citation MLA website? Check out EasyBib Plus on coachoutleta.cf! Also, check out MLA Citation Website, which explains how to create references for websites. Citing the Same Source Multiple Times. It may seem redundant to constantly include an author’s name in the body of a research project or paper. There are many ways to cite your source within a research paper; one of the most common is the MLA in-text parenthetical citation method. Quotations, summaries, paraphrases, and any other material used from a source must be cited.